Vincent van Gogh was a post-impressionist painter whose work, notable for its beauty, emotion and color, highly influenced 20th-century art. He struggled with mental illness, and remained poor and virtually unknown throughout his life.
His younger brother Theo, an art dealer, helped support him both financially and emotionally. In 1886, van Gogh went to live with Theo in Paris, and his two years in the French capital proved pivotal. He was exposed to the work of Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist artists and started using a lighter, brighter palette and experimenting with brushstroke techniques. He spent his last two years in the south of France, where he produced a number of his best-known paintings. However, during his decade-long career he sold just a handful of the more than 850 paintings and nearly 1,300 works on paper he had created. Van Gogh died in France in 1890 at age 37 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
In 1990, a century after he painted it, Van Gogh’s “Portrait of Dr. Gachet” sold at auction for a record-breaking $82.5 million. The price, when adjusted for inflation, remains one of the highest ever paid for a painting. 📄 Vincent van Gogh: Self-Portrait, 1889
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